Artificial Intelligence Program Wins Competition Against Lawyers

In late October, a legal skills competition between more than 100 attorneys and an artificial intelligence construct unfolded in London. More than 100 attorneys faced off against Case Cruncher Alpha, an AI construct developed and configured by Cambridge University students who initially set out to create a chatbot that can answer questions about legal topics.

 

According to a BBC news broadcast, the current version of Case Cruncher Alpha follows a structure that enables it to connect to a neural network and several databases. When the AI software was tasked to review 800 historic court cases involving payment protection insurance claims, it was able to accurately determine the outcome with a margin of 87 percent. The attorneys who entered the competition had less impressive results as their determination was correct by a margin of less than 62 percent.

 

It should be noted that the AI software had certain advantages in the competition. First of all, the lawyers were selected from various London firms, some of them quite prestigious, but they did not specialize in the type of insurance claims that they were tasked with reviewing; second, the AI was connected to several legal databases that the lawyers did not have access to when they reviewed the 800 cases.

 

The developers of Case Cruncher Alpha admit aware of the unfair advantage, and they admit that an experienced lawyer who specializes in payment protection insurance claims would perform better; nonetheless, the AI program took substantially less time to review a heavy caseload that required more than 100 attorneys to complete.

 

In the legal field, this competition seemed like the historic chess match series between IBM’s Big Blue supercomputer and Gary Kasparov in the 1990s. More recently, Google developed AlphaGo, an AI construct that beat a South Korean master in the ancient Chinese game of go, which is harder for a computer to master since playing often requires irrational strategies.

 

Legal experts who observed the competition stated that they think AI software may eliminate five percent of the attorney workforce in the near future.

Equifax Defends Legality of Executive Stock Sales

This summer’s hack of Equifax’s customer data has left nearly 150 million Americans in question of whether or not their data was included in the breach. The attack, which began in May and wasn’t caught until July, was further punctuated by a malware incident involving the company’s website in the following October, resulting in the suspension of a deal with the IRS. While the company will inevitably face legal repercussions, whether in the form of Justice Department action or through suits from individual customers, a recent internal inquiry has allegedly cleared members of the company from wrongdoing in at least one aspect of the case.

 

In the immediate days following the Equifax breach, it was reported that a group of several key executives sold off a large quantity of shares. With a value approaching $2 million, the sale of these shares was immediately the target of a probe led by the the Securities and Exchange Commission and Georgia’s U.S. Attorney’s Office. Equifax first became aware of the hack on July 29th, with the four executives in question jettisoning their stocks the following first week of August.

 

Given the timeline, it seemed more than likely that the sellers had been made aware of the hack, thereby making this an example of insider trading. However, Equifax maintained that Douglas Brandberg, an investor relations lead, Joseph Loughran, president of information solutions, John Gamble, the CFO, and Rodolfo Ploder, the president in charge of workforce solutions, were not among whose who had knowledge of the attack before its public announcement.

 

Equifax led its own internal investigation, which this week revealed its determination that the trade did not break any legal bounds. The investigative teamed performed well over 30 interviews and sifted through roughly 55,000 emails but found no evidence that the four executives in question had advanced knowledge, and likewise determined that the sales were approved following the necessary legal procedures. That said, it’s unclear if or how this internal investigation will affect legal proceedings from U.S. officials.

6 Things You Shouldn’t Do to the Flag

Here are some things that people do to the American flag that are considered disrespectful according to the Flag Code.

 

  1. Wearing American Flag Patterned Clothing

 

The U.S. Flag Code 176, letter D, states that the U.S. flag pattern is not to be used as wearing apparel. This means that all those flag printed bikinis, button-up shirt, socks, and even those Old Navy flag shirts, can be considered disrespectful.

 

  1. The Flag Shouldn’t Be Displayed Flat or Horizontally

 

The flag must never touch the ground. Most people know this, but only a few know that the flag has to be displayed vertically. The U.S Flag Code 176, letter C, states that the American flag should never be held horizontally.

 

  1. Disposable Flag Products

 

Using disposable flag printed cups and plates can be considered disrespectful. Therefore, think twice before buying any of those flag printed plates or cups.

 

  1. Using the Flag for Advertising Purposes

 

During Independence Day, you will see a lot of brand products being decorated with the U.S. flag. Well, according to the law, using the flag to advertise brand products is strictly prohibited.

 

  1. Using the Flag on Costumes or Athletic Uniform

 

Teams in the NBA, NFL and other leagues normally sell and wear jerseys and other athletic gear featuring the United States flag. However, the Flag Code states that no portion of the flag should be used as an athletic uniform or costume. Only a flag patch can be used on policemen, firemen, military personnel and members of patriotic organizations uniforms.

 

  1. Drawing on the Flag

 

Attaching or placing any drawing, figure, letter, mark or insignia on the flag is illegal. In simple words, don’t add anything to the U.S. flag or even edit a picture over the flag.

 

The Flag Code has it that the flag should not bear any mark, word, letter, figure, design or drawing of any nature.

Corporate And Individual Taxes To Get Cut In The Proposed Republican Tax Bill

As written in an article by Rachel Gerber on 2nd November 2017, the JURIST, also known as the Committee on Ways and Means of the Republican Controlled House of Representatives released a proposal on jobs act and tax reduction. Kevin Brady, who chairs the committee, introduced the so-called Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on Thursday this week.

 

Paul Ryan, the House Speaker, co-sponsored Kevin Brady’s proposal. According to the article, Brady emphasized that the bill intended to help the American people who belonged to the low and the middle class. He further said that the American legislation got wholly focused on:

  • Growing the economy
  • Taking the jobs back to the local communities
  • Increase salaries for the workers
  • Ensuring that Americans got to save more of their earnings.

Rachel Garber indicated in the article that the proposed Act will not only lower tax rates for all the earning Americans within the low and middle class but will also lower business taxes. The article further explains that the Child Tax will get expanded and renamed the Family Credit to accommodate additional aid and support. Tax Credit will get added to the new Family Credit. High earning Americans will retain their usual tax rate of 39.6 percent. Rachel further indicates that the estate tax will get phased out by the end of the year 2023.

 

The article got published on Paper Chase, the JURIST’s news service provider. Comprising of a team of 30 editors and reporters who are law students, the Paper Chase provides real-time legal news. The team gets led by a university professor, Bernard Hibbitts, who teaches law at Pittsburg School of Law. The paper offers an educational service which explains why they get dedicated to presenting critical legal news. The format used in the presentation is accessible. The news is not only presented intelligently but also objectively. The materials get spread and presented rapidly.

Expert Tips on Finding the Right Attorney

Having a legal case to either start or one that is against you can be frustrating, confusing and highly problematic if you don’t have the right legal aid. This is why it is key that you find a good quality lawyer and attorney who is going to be there when you need them the most. The best way for you to accomplish this is to know what type of legal professional you’re going to need. For instance, if you are going to be taking a person to court for family law, you’re obviously going to want to hire an attorney who specializes in this type of legal option.

 

The problem that a lot of people have when hiring attorneys is that they do not look for one who is specialized in the field they’re using. Sure, you can hire a regular attorney for just about any case that you have coming up, but this does not mean that they are specialized in that specific field and they may not give you the legal assistance and aid that you need to win the case. You will find that searching for the right lawyer is key when it comes to finding the most out of this option.

 

You are also going to want to contact the lawyer’s office before making the decision to hire them for their services. This is a great option for a lot of people who are trying to improve their lives. This is why a lot of people are making the decision to work with professionals and know that these experts are there for them when they need it the most. There are lots of experts out there who are going to be able to take on the case for you and get you the information that you need in order for you to make the most out of this option when you are going to be going to court and need some type of legal assistance.

The influence of American Institute Architects

     American Institute of architects is a membership-based professional organization which is under the management of Robert Ivy who encourages the architects to think far beyond their field. The body is more concerned in designing and constructing more industries. Ivy also says that the organization is focusing on public health and resilience.

The organization has played a significant role in public health by draining swamps in Washington and building new houses in the region. This is the current Central Park in New York which is a recreational center. Residents were freed from diseases hence health status improved.

The activity of draining these swamps made people to be released from disease attacks. The main aim was to reduce challenges which had faced the region and do away with the substandard houses. Through its activities, the city of New York is becoming an international city where many events will be held.

The organization through improvement of infrastructure has led cities to overgrow, and the lives of many have significantly improved. The team has highly supported health and also brought new designs of houses in the nation of U.S. Through this many diseases have been reduced from attacking people.

It has also given university grants to many students hence promoting education. Although there have been other organizations, AIA has dominated very many activities in U.S. The New York City has been developed to grow by this organization through the development of industries and the nation has also expanded. AIA is focusing on improving services for health so that citizens can get medical attention in the most efficient way.

The organization also needs to collaborate with other organizations to get support as said by Ivy and improve in various activities. Although it is very dominant, Ivy does want the organization to work in an isolated way as isolation can bring about failing.

In realization of its goals, AIA has recently brought much advancement in the economy of U.S., and through this, the lives of citizens have been improved. Cities like New York have grown due to support from this organization. Through the creation of employment opportunities lives of many citizens have also improved.

AIA is very concerned about the welfare of the people, and it is trying to bring in new designs of building under the view of Ivy that the members should think beyond their field. Collaboration with other organizations will give it high support and provide more services efficiently to the citizens. The activities done by the organization lives of citizens have been highly improved.

Maryland Legal Aid Launches Lawyer In the Library Program

Maryland Legal Aid is now stationing lawyers in public libraries. These lawyers will help people who need legal aid but cannot afford it. For example, Tyrone Burns is a 35-year-old man who was unemployed and could not find a job. A lawyer offered him free legal aid and helped him clear his record from traffic tickets and other charges that did not lead to convictions and which were years old. Without those issues on his record, he was not turned down anymore when applying for jobs. He is now employed with work at a fitness center.

Lawyer in the Library is a program offered by Maryland Legal Aid to help thousands of people who cannot afford legal representation. The lawyers offer free aid to help people out with all kinds of legal issues, including things like child custody and writing a will.

Many other organizations have already been offering free legal aid in public places such as churches or courthouses. Many people need to clear their records in order to be able to advance. Whether they need a new job or loan or whether they are dealing with issues of child custody, they can all benefit greatly from clearing their record. Simple misdemeanors and charges that did not result in convictions should not be blocking a person’s success years later.

Amy Petkovsek is an attorney who helps run the program. She said that a lawyer can give just 20 minutes or less of their time and change a person’s life. After just 10 to 20 minutes, a person can already have the ability to get a new job. They can see their children again.

One person was able to afford housing after living on the streets with their six-year-old child for years. Many of the people that they help leave in tears. Some find it hard to believe that their lives have changed so quickly. Lawyers can also help people gain access to public benefits such as food stamps.

Royal Boraie

In the courtesy of Philly purge’s article, the densely populated, New Jersey in the United States is facing a predicament in the field of real estate markets as it has the most significant shares and residential mortgages. They are very delinquent and in foreclosure hence trailing the state. The reducing delinquency and rates of foreclosures give an impressive impact as the gap between the demand and supply will be filled, be an increase in employment rates will also be realized together with gains of home prices. The New Jersey is now being worked on as brilliant inventories in the real estate market are put in place as it attracts most prospective home buyers. One thing that keeps increasing daily is the cost of housing for consumers where extraordinary rates of rent and prices of a home experience. For more details visit boraie.com

There are numerous development and contracting firms that are in New Jersey, as they work hard to make sure that there is a definite impact in the real estate market, among them is the Boraie Development which was founded and owned by the visionary Omar Boraie. For several decades this company is considered the best firm. The company offers a comprehensive range service in the world of real estate markets, among these are property management, development of the property and not forgetting marketing and sales. Upon its success, the company primarily rely on specific sources of capital that are mostly private as the primary source of funding for its projects. Like the commercial banks along with its sources of capital. Boraie Development has made a reputation as it has joined hands with the strong financial institutions and the highly spirited architects and contractors. They are committed to their work making sure that their projects are completed on time and above all being excellent. The expert personnel in the company are devoted to the delivery of exceptional services and setting up of outstanding and spectacular buildings.

According to WSJ, the world-class buildings are set up to target the residents, tenants and even financial partners as they give in a long-term working relationship with the company. It also plays an essential role in filling the gap created between the supply and the demand of more buildings. Among the numerous success realized by the company is the construction of the spectacular building in New Brunswick. In case of need in development company in new jersey that is talented in the field of real estate marketing, then Boraie Development is the best firm to contact. Visit his website boraie.com

Read more: http://magazine.rutgers.edu/insights/seeing-the-future

US Supreme Court to Decide On Fourth Amendment Rights Regarding Cell Phones

In recent legal news, the United States Supreme Court is deciding on whether or not police must obtain a warrant if they want to get information about a suspect’s previous location through information provided by their cell phone providers.

Lawyers with the American Civil Liberties Union, the ACLU, are arguing that searching the location of a suspect based on cell phone tower information without a warrant is a violation of the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution. The Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable search and seizure without a warrant. The lawyers are representing a man called Timothy Carpenter.

This case has major legal implications. After all, law enforcement agencies have been requesting location information from cell phone providers for a long time and have always been receiving the information that they have requested. They have been using this information to discover the locations of suspects. They do not usually have a warrant while requesting this information.

Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile receive tens of thousands of such requests from law enforcement every year. Verizon is the only one who told the court that they prefer more privacy protection for their users.

The advent of technology raises new questions when it comes to privacy and law enforcement. New cases have come up. Two such cases were regarding whether law enforcement can place a GPS tracking device on a suspect without a warrant and whether law enforcement can search cell phones without a warrant. In both cases, the Supreme Court ruled that they did need a warrant in to do those things.

The Supreme Court will decide on Timothy Carpenter’s case after the 6th United States Court of Appeals ruled that police did not need a warrant, based on a 1986 ruling. The judges will decide whether police need probable cause, and therefore a warrant, or whether they just need reasonable grounds to receive customer information.

Aloha Construction Breathing Life to the Illinois Community

Aloha Construction, a local construction company servicing residents of Wisconsin and Illinois has seen a rapid growth over the last couple of years. The family-owned company boasts of an excellent team of field supervisors, installers, inspectors and office team that has worked together to complete over 7,000 projects. Today, Aloha stands alone in offering intelligent, safe, and customer satisfying services in the construction industry.

As if not enough, the firm is aimed at maintaining unmatched integrity, honesty, professionalism and fair relationship with its sub-contractors, suppliers, company agents, insurance adjusters and most importantly, its consumers. Timeliness, keenness to details, and quality are among the key pillars that this firm, leverage on to keep their customers happy with their services.

David Farbaky

Dave Farbaky is the CEO and president of Aloha Construction. The 46-year-old Lake Zurich resident is responsible for leading the family-owned, managed and operated firm towards achieving its mission. Apart from managing Aloha, Dave is also a philanthropist. Through his foundation, Dave Farbaky Foundation, he reaches the less fortunate in the society especially children through shopping sprees in the community.

Services Offered

At Aloha Construction, all your home repair requirements are covered. The firm is readily available and handles repairs of all types including damage by natural disasters. Whether you need renovations, simple repairs or upgrading your home, Aloha will handle this with industry leading professionalism. The all-rounded construction company will attend to several areas of your home including windows, sides, gutters, and roofs among other repair services.

Aloha Construction in Brief

Aloha Constructions is a family-owned general construction firm offering services to residents of Illinois and Southern Wisconsin. The company has its headquarters at Lake Zurich, Illinois. Through this office, the company can serve residents of DuPage, Lake, Cook, and McHenry counties. The firm also has another office at Bloomington, which serves McClean, Tazewell, Peoria, Champaign and Washington counties. The company has completed over 18,000 projects in Illinois.

Aside from general construction, the industry leader actively participates in charitable activities in the community. Through the Dave Farbaky Foundation, Aloha Constructions reaches to the children of the community each year to buy toys and dollies, which cannot be afforded by many parents in Illinois. As a result, the firm is highly appreciated by the local community, a factor that has contributed to the fast growth rate of the company.